E: Sorunları düzeltilemiyor, bozuk paketler tuttunuz

80

Birkaç gün önce kurduğum Ubuntu 13.04 kullanıyorum. % Co_de% ve nodejs yüklemeye çalışıyorum. Önce komut satırından yüklemeyi ve sonra kaldırmayı denedim. Sonra bir şey kırıldı.

sudo apt-get install -f nodejs npm
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
Some packages could not be installed. This may mean that you have
requested an impossible situation or if you are using the unstable
distribution that some required packages have not yet been created
or been moved out of Incoming.
The following information may help to resolve the situation:

The following packages have unmet dependencies:
 nodejs : Conflicts: npm
E: Unable to correct problems, you have held broken packages.

npm 'nin çıkışı aşağıda:

# deb cdrom:[Ubuntu 13.04 _Raring Ringtail_ - Release amd64 (20130424)]/ raring main restricted

# See http://help.ubuntu.com/community/UpgradeNotes for how to upgrade to
# newer versions of the distribution.
deb http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ raring main restricted
deb-src http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ raring main restricted

## Major bug fix updates produced after the final release of the
## distribution.
deb http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ raring-updates main restricted
deb-src http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ raring-updates main restricted

## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu
## team. Also, please note that software in universe WILL NOT receive any
## review or updates from the Ubuntu security team.
deb http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ raring universe
deb-src http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ raring universe
deb http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ raring-updates universe
deb-src http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ raring-updates universe

## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu 
## team, and may not be under a free licence. Please satisfy yourself as to 
## your rights to use the software. Also, please note that software in 
## multiverse WILL NOT receive any review or updates from the Ubuntu
## security team.
deb http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ raring multiverse
deb-src http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ raring multiverse
deb http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ raring-updates multiverse
deb-src http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ raring-updates multiverse

## N.B. software from this repository may not have been tested as
## extensively as that contained in the main release, although it includes
## newer versions of some applications which may provide useful features.
## Also, please note that software in backports WILL NOT receive any review
## or updates from the Ubuntu security team.
deb http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ raring-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ raring-backports main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu raring-security main restricted
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu raring-security main restricted
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu raring-security universe
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu raring-security universe
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu raring-security multiverse
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu raring-security multiverse

## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from Canonical's
## 'partner' repository.
## This software is not part of Ubuntu, but is offered by Canonical and the
## respective vendors as a service to Ubuntu users.
# deb http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu raring partner
# deb-src http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu raring partner

## This software is not part of Ubuntu, but is offered by third-party
## developers who want to ship their latest software.
deb http://extras.ubuntu.com/ubuntu raring main
deb-src http://extras.ubuntu.com/ubuntu raring main

/etc/apt/sources.list 'nin çıkışı aşağıda:

deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/chris-lea/node.js/ubuntu raring main
# deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/chris-lea/node.js/ubuntu raring main
### THIS FILE IS AUTOMATICALLY CONFIGURED ###
# You may comment out this entry, but any other modifications may be lost.
deb http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/ stable main
### THIS FILE IS AUTOMATICALLY CONFIGURED ###
# You may comment out this entry, but any other modifications may be lost.
deb http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/ stable main
### THIS FILE IS AUTOMATICALLY CONFIGURED ###
# You may comment out this entry, but any other modifications may be lost.
deb http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/ stable main
deb http://deb.opera.com/opera/ stable non-free
deb http://deb.opera.com/opera/ stable non-free
deb http://deb.opera.com/opera/ stable non-free
deb http://deb.opera.com/opera/ stable non-free
    
sordu John Qualis 21.10.2013 19:07

4 cevap

20

Tutulan paketlerin listesini şu şekilde görebilmelisiniz:

apt-mark showhold 

ve ardından bunları

basılı tutun
sudo apt-mark unhold <package name>

Bundan sonra, çakışan paketi kaldırabiliyor olmalısınız ( npm gibi görünüyor) ve ardından hepsini yeniden yükleyebilmeniz gerekir.

Bu başarısız olursa, aptitude yolunu deneyebilirsiniz --- genellikle bağımlılık ağaçlarını daha iyi çözebilir .

Her iki durumda da, komutları uygularken dikkatli olun ve kaldırmak için işaretlenmiş paketlerin listesini dikkatlice kontrol edin.

    
verilen cevap Rmano 21.10.2013 20:15
181

apt-get yerine yetenek kullanın. Daha zekidir. Bu yalnızca sizin için çakışan paketleri küçültmekle kalmayacak, aynı zamanda hangi olası olası çalışma senaryolarından hangilerini istediğinizi soran bir dizi tavsiyede bulunacaktır.

sudo aptitude install myNewPackage

Makinenizde henüz bir yetenek yoksa, şununla alın

sudo apt-get install aptitude
    
verilen cevap DragonLord 20.04.2014 05:40
4

Bu sorunu çözmem için, önce aşağıdaki komutu kullanarak synaptic'i kurmam gerekiyordu ve her şey yolunda gidiyor.

sudo apt-get install synaptic
    
verilen cevap Alaa ElSaman 17.12.2013 00:19
0

% co_de yüzdesinin, başka bir davranış dizisini tetiklemeden paketleri tek tek kaldırmamı sağladığını öğrendim.

Bunun iyi bir çözüm olduğundan emin değilim, ama onunla gittim ve her şey iyi görünüyor.

    
verilen cevap isomorphismes 28.07.2017 18:29

Etiketlerdeki diğer soruları oku